Goat Milking Process: Technology, Milking Time
The process of milking a goat at first glance seems simple. But when buying these animals for a household, you need to know the basic rules of the procedure and the treatment of pets. Then there will be a lot of milk and the goats will not hurt. About how to milk a goat, we will tell in this article.
Goat milking begins after lambing. Babies are kept separate from their mothers, using milk to feed them. Farmers have several ways to milk a goat. Usually goats are milked after weaning at the age of 3 months. How many times to milk, decide from the milk of animals. The procedure is carried out at first a couple of times a day, then only in the morning. Goats give milk for up to 50 days, after which they need to be coated.
Some farmers practice single milking during suction, when the offspring are kept partly without queens. This method is advised to use with abundant nutrition of animals, when the offspring grows rapidly. It is better to give up only if the uterus has one kid. How many of them are in the lamb of each uterus should be noted in a special diary. Wool and downy breeds do not milk.
Goats are only cleaned with clean hands. Before milking a goat, it is necessary to cut the hair on the udder. They advise milking in special machines where there is a fixing device. In the machine, the uterus can be quietly milked, and in front it should have a feeding trough with top dressing.
Before milking, the udder of the animal is washed with warm water, wiped dry with a clean towel. Then you need to alternately massage each part of the udder. In the first trickles of milk there are a lot of bacteria, so they are poured into a separate container. How to milk a goat? As well as cows – fist, alternately squeezing the nipples from top to bottom. After the procedure is completed, the udder of the goats is again massaged and lubricated with petroleum jelly. To obtain large quantities of milk and for the sake of peace of the animal, milking must always be carried out at the same time.
There are three ways to milk a goat, regardless of how many times they are milked per day. The most common in individual households milking method is “side”. To do this, take the nipple at the base with the index finger and thumb, and squeeze until milk begins to stand out. Then, with rhythmic movements, they squeeze the product, separately merging the first jets. In the work, you can include the little finger and ring finger. The last trickles of milk are very fatty, so milk must be completely removed.
There is another, faster way of milking – “Moldavian”. It is found on farms with a large population. Before milking a goat, you will need a special machine. It is made of three shields (two in length are 1.7 meters long, the third is slightly longer). The first shields are placed parallel to each other at a distance of 1.3 meters, and the last is fixed on a rack and a hook is attached to it. During the procedure, the animal is driven inside and the machine is blocked with a hook. The head of the animal is in a closed triangle. Animals are milked, holding the udder with one hand. Then it is taken with both hands and pressed towards the nipples, receiving milk. The method is more suitable for primitives that can resist the procedure.
The disadvantage of the “Moldavian” method is its lack of hygiene. But the goat can be milked in just two minutes. The last, “combined” milking method is very simple. First, the milk is squeezed from the crown, and then the remaining milk is removed with a finger.
With any method of milking, you need to remember that it is forbidden to sharply pull on the nipples or udder. Stopping or slowing down the rhythm leads to a decrease in milk yield. Also, to avoid mastitis, milk should always be completely removed. Well, how exactly to milk a goat, each breeder decides for himself.
How many times can a goat be milked
How many times to milk a goat per day, each breeder decides for himself. To do this, take into account its breed, age, saturation of the diet and the farmer’s employment in the economy. Usually animals are milked 2-3 times a day at the same time so that the milk yield is not small. It is proven that being late for milking by only 3 hours reduces milk yield by half a liter.
In the summer, when most of the time goats spend on the pasture and eat a lot of fresh grass, the animals have an overflow of the udder and they give a lot of milk. In the summer, milked in the morning, afternoon and evening. At this time, with one individual, milk yield increases by half a liter.
In spring, winter and autumn, juicy feed is usually scarce. Milking is carried out in the morning and in the evening, when animals are brought to the pen. How much milk yield will also depend on the massage of the udder, the density of milk, the quality of the emptying of the udder, the presence of hardenings in it. To increase milk yield, goats are given milk-fed food – turnips or tree branches. In winter, the diet should have hay – it depends on the amount of product. Also increase the yield of root crops.
Dairy queens begin to milk after lambing immediately after colostrum ends. How many liters the animal’s productivity cannot be said for sure, this parameter needs to be studied over several days.
The kids are taken away from the mother by drinking her milk. So the method allows you to quickly milk the animals and they give a large amount of good milk. The disadvantage is the difficulty of feeding the kids.
The combined method is to kill goats after lambing. The kids are temporarily separated from the uterus, part of the milk is removed, and then the offspring are allowed. During jigging, kids need good quality hay, mineral additives and concentrates. The method is used no earlier than 6 weeks of age.